Английский язык: Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ: «Грамматика и лексика»
6. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES. SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
Test 1. First or Second Conditional? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
1. If he (run), he’ll get there in time.
2. They would be rather offended if I (not go) to see them.
3. If you took more exercise, you (feel) better.
4. If it (stop) snowing, we can go skiing.
5. If I was offered a job, I think I (take) it.
6. I’m sure Ann will lend you the money. I’d be very surprised if she (refuse).
7. If you (not go) away, I’ll send for the police. 8. If I sold my car, I (not get) much money for it.
9. The police (arrest) him if they catch him.
10. We (not have) any money if we didn’t work.
11. Tell Mary to ring me up if you (see) her.
12. What would happen if I (not come)?
13. If he (like) the house, will he buy it?
14. Carol gave me this ring. She (be) very upset if I lost it.
15. Our friends are expecting us. They will be disappointed if we (not come).
16. What will happen if my parachute (not open)?
17. I’m sure Jane (understand) if you explained the situation to her.
18. What you (do) if you lost your passport?
19. If we (tell) them the truth, they wouldn’t believe us.
20. If I lend you $1000, when you (repay) me?
Test 2. First or Second Conditional? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
1. If it (rain) this weekend, we (not be able) to go to the country.
2. Give me Ann’s letter. If I (see) her, I (give) it to her.
3. I have to work hard, so I’m very busy. But if I (have) any free time, I (go) in for swimming.
4. If I (be) taller, I (can) play basketball. But I’m too short.
5. Please stop talking! If you (not start) your meal now; it (go) cold.
6. If you (have) any problems, let me know and I (help) you.
7. You’re a wonderful cook! If I (can) cook as well as you, I (open) a restaurant.
8. We must hurry! If he (be) late, we (leave) without him.
9. He (have) a day off tomorrow if he (work) hard today?
10. That coat looks awful! I (not buy) it if I (be) you.
11. I think there are too many cars. If there (not be) so many cars, there (not be) so much pollution.
12. It’s a pity I’m not rich. If I (be) rich, I (have) a yacht.
13. I’m going out now. If anybody (phone) while I (be) out, can you take a message?
14. This soup isn’t very good. It (taste) better if it (not be) so salty.
15. ‘What shall we do tomorrow?’ ‘Well, if it (be) a nice day, we (not stay) at home.’
16. Liz is tired all the time. If she (not go) to bed so late, she (not be) tired.
17. You were rude to Mike. If I (be) you, I (apologize).
18. We’re lost. If we (have) the map with us, we (know) where we are.
19. If I still (feel) sick, I (not go) on holiday next weekend.
20. I don’t get any help at work. My job (be) easier if I (have) a secretary.
Test 3. Second or Third Conditional? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
1. If you (not be) busy, we could go for a walk.
2. If I (have) enough money, I would have taken a taxi.
3. If I were you, I (buy) a new suit.
4. If I (be) interested in the film, I would have gone to the cinema.
5. If we (not take) the wrong turning, we wouldn’t have arrived late.
6. If he had more time, he (take) up tennis.
7. You could have come first if you (run) faster.
8. If she (not have) a car, we would have to go by bus.
9. What (do) if you lost your job?
10. If I (not feel) tired, I would have gone to bed later.
11. If Bruce had asked me, I (say) ‘yes’.
12. If I (not take) an umbrella, I would have got wet.
13. If he knew that it was dangerous, he (not come).
14. If someone (give) you a helicopter, what would you do with it?
15. They (not miss) the plane if they hadn’t woken up late.
16. If you (ask), I could have told you the answer.
17. I could help you with the text if I (know) Greek.
18. If only he had asked, I (help) him.
19. If I (invite) to my friend’s party, I would never dress casually.
20. If she (pass) her driving test, she would have bought a car.
Test 4. Second or Third Conditional? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
1. We can’t afford to go to Austria. If we (have) more money, we (go) skiing there.
2. I didn’t know you were in hospital. If I (know), I (go) to visit you.
3. Ken got to the station in time to catch his train. If he (miss) it, he (be) late for his interview.
4. Tom doesn’t know Spanish. If he (know) it, he (help) us to translate this article.
5. It’s good that you reminded me about Ann’s birthday. I (forget) it if you (not remind) me.
6. If I (have) your address when I was in New York, I (send) you a postcard.
7. If I (know) the results of exam now, I (phone) her immediately.
8. ‘How was your holiday?’ ‘It was OK, but I (enjoy) it more if the weather (be) better.’
9. I took a taxi but the traffic was heavy. It (be) quicker if I (walk).
10. I’m not tired. If I (be) tired, I (go) home now.
11. I wasn’t hungry. If I (be) hungry, I (eat) something.
12. I’m glad we had a map. I’m sure we (get) lost if we (not have) one.
13. We decided not to move. We (lose) a lot of money if we (sell) our house.
14. If you (be) a bird, you (can) fly.
15. If she (ask) Tom yesterday, he certainly (tell) her about it.
16. He wasn’t ill last week. If he (be) ill, he (not play) football.
17. I don’t want to get up so early. If it (be) Sunday today, I (not have) to get up.
18. I’m glad we had a mobile phone. If we (not contact) the police, they (not catch) the criminals.
19. You should stop smoking! You (not feel) so bad if you (not smoke) too much.
20. You didn’t ring me up yesterday. If you (call) me, I (tell) you everything.
Test 5. Conditional sentences: mixed types. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
1. If he (pass) his examination, we’ll have a celebration.
2. What (happen) if I press this button?
3. If it (not rain) now, we would go to the country.
4. If we had booked tickets beforehand, we (not have) to wait now.
5. If I (be) you, I would ring him up myself.
6. If you don’t give me more information, I (not be) able to help you.
7. If it (not be) so cold yesterday, we would have gone to the forest.
8. If he were careful, he (not break) things.
9. If you (not help) me, I wouldn’t have been able to finish the work yesterday.
10. We won’t go to the theatre if he (not bring) tickets.
11. If he (not be) at home, leave him a note.
12. If you had learnt the words, you (not do) so many mistakes.
13. If Ann were slimmer, she (be) much more attractive.
14. If I (have) a chance last year, I would have visited Great Britain.
15. I will let you know if he (come).
16. If you (not hurry), you’ll miss the train.
17. I would buy this book if it (not be) so expensive.
18. ‘Does she love him?’ ‘Of course she does. If she (not love) him, she (not marry) him.’
19. ‘What you (do) if you saw a ghost?’ ‘I (run) a mile.’
20. If I (not be) busy, I’ll visit you.
Test 6. Conditional sentences: mixed types. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.
1. If I (not borrow) the money, I wouldn’t have been able to buy the bike.
2. If he (not catch) the bus, he would have been late for work.
3. If she had known you needed the eggs for the cake, she (not use) them all.
4. She (win) the match if she hadn’t hurt her ankle.
5. If you (not put up) this shelf, you won’t have anywhere to put your books.
6. If she (change) her job, she would be a lot happier.
7. If I were you, I (tell) her how you feel.
8. If you continue to shout so loudly, you (wake up) the baby.
9. Even if she (ask) him, he wouldn’t have agreed to come.
10. Unless you (feel) any better, you can take the rest of the day off.
11. If they (not threaten) her, she wouldn’t have left.
12. I (not trust) her if I were you.
13. If you’re patient for a few minutes, I (be able) to finish this.
14. If he goes on making so much noise, I (punish) him.
15. If we (intend) to spend the day in Paris, we would have bought a day pass.
16. Keep your voice down in case she (overhear) us.
17. If he (be) more experienced, he would be more likely to get the job.
18. If the food (not be) so bad, they wouldn’t have complained.
19. Sales will increase provided that the advertising campaign (be) successful.
20. If she (spend) less on clothes, you would be able to save some money.
Test 7. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1. Bruce wishes he (have) more money so he could buy a new sweater.
2. The weather was cold while we were away. I wish it (be) warmer.
3. I wish I (be) taller so that I could be in the basketball team.
4. I wish you (stop) watching television while I am talking to you.
5. It was a terrible film. I wish we (not go) to see it.
6. I wish the holidays (come) so we could go off to the seaside.
7. I wish Ann (be) here. She’d be able to help us.
8. Yesterday I got very wet in the rain. I wish I (have) an umbrella.
9. I wish we (go) to the match next Saturday but we’re visiting my uncle instead.
10. I wish you (keep) your mouth shut yesterday. Now Mary knows everything.
11. It’s freezing today. I wish it (not be) so cold. I hate cold weather.
12. I wish I (not lose) all my money. Now I’m broke.
13. The weather is awful. I wish it (improve).
14. I feel sick. I wish I (not eat) so much cake.
15. I’m fed up with this rain. I wish it (stop) raining.
16. What I said was stupid. I wish (not say) anything.
17. It’s very crowded here. I wish there (not be) so many people.
18. I was late yesterday. I wish I (take) a taxi.
19. I wish it (be) summer now.
20. The phone has been ringing for five minutes. I wish somebody (answer) it.
Test 8. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1. If you had let me know yesterday, I already (bring) you my book.
2. If he (get) this book, I’ll be happy.
3. I wish I (know) Spanish.
4. If he (be) a poet, he would write beautiful poetry.
5. If my brother (be) in trouble, I’ll help him.
6. If they (know) it before, they would not have gone there.
7. If he (be) more courageous, he would not be afraid.
8. I wish you (go) skiing with me yesterday.
9. If it is not too cold tomorrow, I (not put) on my coat.
10. If he had warned me, I (do) the work in time.
11. If you (not miss) the train, you would have arrived in time.
12. I wish I (not have) to do my homework every day.
13. If it (snow), the children will play snowballs.
14. I am a doctor, but if I (be) a musician now, I (be) much happier.
15. I wish we (meet) again next summer.
16. If he did not read so much, he (not know) English so well.
17. If the weather (be) fine yesterday, we (play) outside.
18. If my sister (not go) to the south, we’ll spend the summer together.
19. If I (have) this rare book, I would gladly give it to you.
20. I wish I (be) at yesterday’s party.
Test 9. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1. I wish I (see) this film, but I couldn’t go to the cinema.
2. If he (live) in St. Petersburg, he would go to the Hermitage every week.
3. We (go) out of town tomorrow if the weather (not to change) for the worse.
4. If they had known it before, they (take) measures.
5. If my friend didn’t work so hard, we (meet) every day.
6. I wish you (read) more in the future.
7. If I (be) you, I would apologize.
8. If it (rain), we’ll have to stay at home.
9. I wish it (not be) winter now.
10. If you don’t give the child much fruit, he (not be) healthy.
11. You would have understood this rule if you (not miss) the lesson.
12. If I (meet) you yesterday, I (tell) you about it.
13. I wish I (not give) Nick my watch: he has broken it.
14. If he (be) a scientist, he would invent a time machine.
15. If he (work) hard, he would have achieved great progress.
16. If my sister (be) in Moscow, she’ll meet you at the railway station.
17. If she (not be) so lazy, she would study much better.
18. I wish I (live) in London now.
19. If he (ring) me up, I’ll tell him a secret.
20. If you had not wasted so much time, you (not miss) the train.
Test 10. Complete this text using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.All the Difference I often wonder how my life (1)(be) different if on that particular day I (2)(go) in the other direction. Or what (3)(happen) if – in those seconds – I (4)(walk) a little bit faster? She (5)(not be) able to do what she did, say things she said. If it (6)(not be) for these shy words of greeting, I (7)(not be) here now – I probably (8)(live) in the same city I grew up in. It is amazing how our lives depend on the most minute details: a split-second decision which makes all the difference. I (9)(ever find) romance at all if I (10)(not meet) Julia that day and if she (11)(decide) to walk on that path beside the trees? I possibly (12)(not do) what I did in my life if we (13)(not meet) on that bright, sunny morning. And if we (14)(not be) together now, I (15)(not be) the happiest man in the world.
Test 11. Complete this text using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.Long Summer Break Under Threat The Minister for Education thinks that if the summer break were shorter, children (1)(do) much better at school. ‘Imagine how you would feel,’ he (2)(tell) a press conference last week, ‘if you (3)(have) two months off work. You (4)(spend) a lot of time trying to get used to (5)(be) back at work. This is exactly what we ask children (6)(do) during the long summer holidays. If you ask teachers they (7)(tell) you that when kids get back from their summer break, they just (8)(not carry) on from where they stopped in June. They (9)(have) to do the same things again. If the summer holidays (10)(be) shorter, this would not happen. If our proposal (11)(go) ahead, we will introduce a system based on five terms a year. This means children (12)(have) lots of breaks with plenty of opportunities (13)(relax) during the year. If we didn’t have these long summer holidays, we (14)(do) much more work in our schools, so we think it (15)(be) time for a change.’