Английский язык: Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ: «Грамматика и лексика»
1.2. COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Nouns can be countable(those that can be counted) or uncountable(those that can’t be counted). Uncountable nouns take a singular verb. The most common uncountable nouns are :
• Mass nouns: fluids(blood, tea, coffee, milk etc), solids(bread, butter, china, coal, food, fruit, glass, ice, iron, fish [meaning food], etc), gasses(air, oxygen, pollution, smoke, smog, etc), particles(corn, dust, flour, hair, pepper, rice, salt, sand, etc).
• Subjects of study: chemistry, economics, literature, mathematics, physics, etc.
• Languages: Chinese, English, French, etc.
• Games: billiards, chess, golf, soccer, tennis, etc.
• Diseases: flu, measles, mumps, etc.
• Natural phenomena: darkness, hail, heat, rain (but: the rains = season of continuous rain in tropical countries), humidity, thunder, snow, etc.
• Some abstract nouns: accommodation, advice, anger, applause, assistance, behaviour, business, chaos, countryside, courage, damage, dirt, education, evidence, housework, homework, information, intelligence, knowledge, luck, music, news, peace, progress, seaside, shopping, traffic, trouble, truth, wealth, work, etc.
• Collective nouns: baggage, cutlery, furniture, jewellery, luggage, machinery, money, rubbish, stationery, etc.
• Many uncountable nounscan be made countableby adding a partitive: a piece ofpaper/cake/advice/information/furniture; a slice/loafof bread; a(n) item/piece of news, etc.
• Some nouns take only a plural verb.These are objects consisting of two parts: garments(pyjamas, trousers, etc), tools(scissors, etc), instruments(binoculars, compasses, spectacles, etc), or nounssuch as: arms, ashes, barracks, clothes, congratulations, earnings, (good) looks, outskirts, people, police, premises, riches, stairs, surroundings, wages, etc.
• Group nounsrefer to a group of people. These nouns can take either a singular or a plural verb depending on whether we see the group as a whole or as individuals. Such group nounsare: army, audience, class, club, committee, company, council, crew, crowd, headquarters, family, jury, government, press, public, staff, team, etc.
The team wasthe best. (the team as a group)
The team wereall given medals. (each member separately as individuals)
• With expressions of duration, distance or money meaning ‘a whole amount’we use a singular verb: Two years islong to wait. Three miles isa long way to go. Nine thousand pounds isa high price to pay.
Test 6. Fill in: is or are.
1. Your trousers _____ in the wardrobe.
2. Where______ his scissors?
3. There_____ a lecture on history today.
4. The shopping________ heavy.
5. Where_____ my gloves?
6. This information______ correct.
7. His hair_____ brown.
8. My socks_____ in the drawer.
9. Our furniture_____ very cheap.
10. His accommodation_____ luxurious.
11. Evidence_____ needed before the trial can continue.
12. The news_____ very exciting.
13. Mumps_____ a common illness among children.
14. My glasses_____ on the table.
15. Chinese_____ difficult to learn.
16. Where_____ the kitchen scales?
17. Billiards_____ a popular game.
18. His work_____ very interesting.
19. People_____ starving in some countries.
20. Education_____ the key to his success.
Test 7. Fill in: is or are.
1. Where_____ your trousers?
2. Could you tell me where_____ the scissors?
3. Tonight, there _____ athletics on TV.
4. Money_____ easy to spend and difficult to save.
5. Gloves_____ worn in cold weather.
6. This student’s knowledge_____ amazing.
7. Love_____ reason for much happiness.
8. This bread_____ stale.
9. Your jeans_____ on the chair.
10. His baggage_____ too heavy to carry.
11. Her advice _____ very interesting.
12. Mathematics_____ his favourite subject.
13. Measles_____ a common illness.
14. The glasses_____ on the table.
15. My sister’s hair_____ long.
16. Their bathroom scales_____ quite accurate.
17. Darts _____ a popular game in Britain.
18. This work_____ too hard.
19. People_____ unhappy with the new tax system.
20. The police_____ near.
Test 8. Choose the correct form of the verb.
1. Economics (is/are)his favourite subject.
2. The trousers he bought for her (doesn’t/don’t)fit her.
3. The police (want/wants)to interview men about the robbery.
4. Physics (was/were)my best subject at school.
5. Can I borrow your scissors? Mine (isn’t/aren’t)sharp enough.
6. The news (wasn’t/weren’t)as bad as we expected.
7. Where (does/do)your family live?
8. Four days (isn’t/aren’t)long enough for a good holiday.
9. He can’t find his binoculars. Do you know where (it is/they are)?
10. Do you think the people (is/are)happy with the government?
11. (Does/Do)the police know how the accident happened?
12. She doesn’t like hot weather. Twenty-eight degrees (is/are)too warm for her.
13. The staff at school (is/are)not happy with their new working conditions.
14. Thirty thousand pounds (was/were)stolen in the robbery.
15. Two years (is/are)a long time to be without job.
16. Five miles (is/are)a long way to walk every day.
17. I need more money. Six pounds (is/are)not enough.
18. These species (is/are)very rare.
19. My hair (is/are)dark brown.
20. His watch (need/needs)repairing.
Test 9. Choose the correct form of the verb.
1. All of her belongings (was/were) in a suitcase.
2. Athletics (is/are)very popular nowadays.
3. Aerobics (do/does)people a lot of good.
4. Chocolate (makes/make)you put on weight.
5. Most people (enjoy/enjoys)Easter.
6. The money she makes (is/are)enough for her.
7. The police (is/are)looking for the murderer.
8. His good looks (get/gets)him what he wants.
9. The government (is/are)passing new laws.
10. Her knowledge of English (is/are)very good.
11. Measles, which (is/are)a children’s disease, (is/are)dangerous for adults.
12. The audience (was/were)given free tickets.
13. The economics (is/are)very interesting.
14. His death (was/were)a great shock.
15. Fish (is/are)easy to look after as pets.
16. Radio news (give/gives)us less information than television news.
17. The stairs to the ground floor (was/were)over there.
18. The information (was/were)very helpful.
19. His glass (is/are)on the table.
20. There (is/are)toast on the dish.