загрузка...

Английский язык: Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ: «Грамматика и лексика»

12. WORD FORMATION

Test 1. Add a prefix to the verb and put it in a proper tense. appoint

Attempts to communicate in a foreign language can easily misfire.

My friend is always ___ (1) by his attempts to speak French. understand

Once a waiter in Paris ___ (2) what he wanted and instead of

beetroots brought him potatoes. He ___ (3) potatoes but when like

he asked a waiter to ___ (4) them with beetroots the waiter smiled, place

and ___ (5) with a plate of aubergines. The waiter also ___ (6) turn

my friend attitude towards everyone he meets and when my take

friend complained that they had ___ (7) the meat, Paul (that was his cook

name if my friend isn’t ___ (8)) grinned. To cap it all my friend take

___ (9) the bill and accused the waiter of ___ (10) him. It was just my read

friend’s awful French again! charge

Test 2. Add a correct prefix to the following adjectives.1. dependent; 2. polite; 3. logical; 4. historic; 5. Atlantic; 6. moral; 7. national; 8. relevant; 9. regular; 10. direct

Test 3. Add a prefix de-, ex-, multi-, semi-, sub– to the following words. You can use each of them more than once.1. final; 2. partner; 3. standard; 4. national; 5. section; 6. ethnic; 7. zero; 8. regulate; 9. wife; 10. code

Test 4. Complete the chart with the correct noun. Words in bold will help you.

Test 5. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines to form nouns.

It is no exaggeration to say that the world has become а global

village. Modern methods of ___ (1) have made the world much communicate

smaller and the problems we face such as ___ (2) are not restricted pollute

to one country. The ___ (3) of the rainforests in Brazil is destroy

everyone’s problem and the ___ (4) which is common in starve

many African countries is а challenge for Europe too.

The ___ (5) of rare species is а tragedy for the planet as а extinct

whole and the ___ (6) of oil supplies will shake the ___ (7) exhaust

of the world’s economy. The ___ (8) of the environment found

is the responsibility of all nations, rich and poor. protect

However, uncontrolled economic ___ (9) between strong compete

and weak nations leads to the ___ (10) of greater inequality create

between the rich and poor nations of the world.

Test 6. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences with the suitable adjectives formed from given words.

1. It is a very ___ road. danger

2. It was so ___ that she couldn’t see anything. fog

3. Everyone knows this actress. She is very ___. attract

4. This case is very ___. comfort

5. He is a ___ politician. fame

6. Great Britain is an ___ country. industry

7. She plays the guitar and she is very ___. music

8. Her mother is very ___. She economy

always tries to save money.

9. The shop is in the ___ part of the city. centre

10. The people were very ___ and knowledge

answered all her questions.

Test 7. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable negative prefix of the words given at the end of the lines.

The British government has decided to take the ___ (1) decision

to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a popular

lot of people find smoking ___ (2), and though experts please

all agree it is ___ (3) and that it costs the state a lot health

to treat victims of smoking, it is also ___ (4) that many people deny

get pleasure from the habit and find smoking resist

___ (5) when they are in company. However, it is now ___ (6) to possible

deny the antisocial nature of the habit. As advertising

has proved ___ (7) with many smokers, the government effect

has now made smoking ___ (8) in most public places. legal

Smokers who are ___ (9) to stop smoking may feel the ability

new measures are unjust, but for the passive smokers for

whom a room full of smoke is ___ (10) they will come as bear

a breath of fresh air.

Test 8. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

Speaking English Well

I have a Dutch friend who speaks English ___ (1). I have always beauty

wondered how the Dutch manage to learn languages

so ___ (2). The Dutch, like the Germans, often success

speak English ___ (3) than some native-speakers or well

at least they seem to speak the language more ___ (4) than correct

some English people. Wilfred says that if you

want to speak English ___ (5) with a reasonable fluency

accent, you should listen to tapes as ___ (6) as frequency

possible. If you can afford ___ (7) to go to an occasion

English speaking country, you should go but you should

also study the rules of English ___ (8), especially if care

you want to speak ___ (9). Wilfred also feels accuracy

very ___ (10) that there are no magic solutions strength

but that you simply have to work at the new language.

Test 9. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

Memorial Day in the USA

Honoring the dead has been a practice of many ___ (1). civil

The ancient Druids, Greeks, and Romans ___ (2) decoration

the graves of their loved ones with flowers.

In the United States, the ___ (3) have been death

honored on Memorial Day since the time of the Civil

War. In 1967 a ___ (4) of President Johnson proclaim

and a ___ (5) congressional resolution officially join

recognized Waterloo as ‘the birthplace of Memorial

Day’. And the Memorial Day is ___ (6) on observation

the last Monday of May. Each year the President of

the US issues a special Memorial Day ___ (7) which proclaim

includes a call for ___ (8) to observe the city

occasion as a day of prayer for ___ (9). peaceful

Memorial Day observances are by no means ___ (10) limit

to the big ___ (11) cemeteries. In towns and cities,

across the land, veterans’ groups, civic ___ (12), nation

family groups, and individuals decorate graves organize

with flowers or with small American flags. In many

communities there are parades. Parade ___ (13) include participate

veterans and armed forces and a lot of other

people. Memorial Day has also ___ (14) marked tradition

the ___ (15) of summer. begin

Test 10. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

This ___ (1) was built in the 1920s and became showcase for ___ (2). neighbour, architecture

Each architect had one plot on which to ___ (3) one house. In spite of this, builder

the area has a ___ (4) unified style. Look, for example, at these wonderful

houses on our left. At that time very few people lived in their owner

___ (5) apartments; those flats had no ___ (6) water, bathrooms and other run, convenient

___ (7). And here was a ___ (8) building project which attempted mass

both to show the ___ (9) styles in which apartments could be difference

built, and to improve ___ (10) conditions. live

Test 11. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

Life used to be ___ (1) for teenag ers. They used to have money to funny

spend, and ___ (2) time to spend it in. They used to wear ___ (3) freedom

clothes, and meet in coffee bars and discos. Some of them still teenager

do. But for many young people, life is harder now. Jobs are ___ (4) to find. difficulty

There’s not so much money around. Teachers say that students work ___ (5) hard

than they used to. They are ___ (6) interested in politics, little

and more interested in ___ (7) exams. They know that good exams pass

may get them ___ (8) jobs. Most young people worry more about good

money than their parents did twenty years ago. They try to spend little

___ (9) and save ___ (10). They want to be able to get many

homes of their own one day. Three quarters of ___ (11) young Britain

people do more or less what their parents did. They did their ___ (12) good

at school, find some kind of work in the end, and get married in

their early ___ (13). They get on well with their parents and twenty

enjoy their ___ (14). They eat fish and chips, watch football on live

TV, go the pub and like ___ (15). After all, if they didn’t, they read

wouldn’t be British, would they?

Test 12. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

As your children move towards ___ (1) it is ___ (2) to make depend

sure that they understand what decent values are. To importance

prevent children from becoming ___ (3) and ___ (4) you should spoil

not indulge them too much. To make sure that they grow up greed

well– ___ (5) they should be taught to be ___ (6) from an manner

early age. Children should be scolded for bad ___ (7), politeness

which will be an effective way of helping ___ (8) to distinguish behave

right from wrong. You need to reward your ___ (9) when they they

do things well to give them a sense of ___ (10) but you must child

be careful not to overdo it or they may become ___ (11). proud

You should try to make your children ___ (12) and respectful conceit

of other peoples beliefs by exposing them to ___ (13) tolerate

races and cultures. Parents should try to place great difference

___ (14) on setting a good example to their children, important

because children’s behaviour is often an ___ (15) of that imitate

of their parents.

Test 13. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

The ___ (1) of children starts as soon as they are born. Boys are educate

allowed to make more ___ (2), to play with guns and cause more noisy

trouble. Such education prepares boys for ___ (3) in the world powerful

but for little else. But all boys are ___ (4). Some boys are differen

good at ___ (5) and poetry whereas others are good at football cook

or maths. Boys aren’t just ___ (6) and rebels, ‘machos’ and conform

‘wimps’. If we can ___ (7) them that all these types are okay, assurance

it may help to reduce the ___ (8) of those boys who are the least macho. bully

Test 14. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

The ___ (1) of fingerprints reached Britain in 1901 and systematize

proved ___ (2). In 1930, Scotland Yard set up its first use

___ (3) system to enable officers to compare fingerprints found on classify

the scene of the crime with those of ___ (4) known to the crime

police. Fingerprint technology has advanced ___ (5) since then. great

Different types of powder are used to ___ (6) the impression of the strength

fingerprint before it is taken. Another ___ (7) revolutionary

has been in the way that fingerprints are identified. Today, the

first ___ (8) is done by the computer, which then produces searching

a ___ (9) of possible matches. The final ___ (10) however is select

done by police experts. identify

Test 15. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

In the past, any mother would be ___ (1) if her children were pride

round and slightly fat. Those days are gone. ___ (2) have now research

reached the ___ (3) that too much fat and sugar in children’s conclude

diets are a major factor in the ___ (4) of heart diseases and develop

other ___ (5) when they are older. However, growing children need ill

to eat a wide range of foods, and their general health could be

___ (6) by cutting out particular ones. Psychologists say that the danger

___ (7) is not to change eating habits too fast, but to do it ___ (8), solve

so that children do not lose muscle in addition to fat. Parents should care

present food a little ___ (9), spread butter thinly and avoid difference

putting sugar on the table. Children should also be ___ (10) to courage

take part in sports: this way they will be using the calories

that they have eaten.

Test 16. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

1. What can we do to reduce the ___ of the atmosphere? pollute

2. The change in the climate has produced ___ floods. disaster

3. Many rare species are threatened with ___. extinct

4. Many of the gases produced by factories are ___ to our health. harm

5. Exhaust fumes have ___ effects on the environment. damage

6. Many countries must try and control the growth of the ___. populate

7. Protecting the environment is essential to our ___. survive

8. The protection of the environment is everyone’s ___. responsible

9. While some countries get richer, the ___ in others get worse. poor

10. Millions of people in the world are threatened with ___. starve





загрузка...
загрузка...