АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК - 20 тренировочных вариантов заданий для подготовки к устной части основного государственного экзамена - 2017 год


Вариант 2

Task 1. You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Heat waves are prolonged periods of excessively hot weather. For example, in the summer of 2010, Russia baked in a heat wave that saw daytime temperatures exceed +28 °C. They were higher than any temperature listed in records that date back to 1879.

A heat wave often contributes to wildfires. During the disastrous heat wave in Russia, there were several hundred wildfires, which caused crop failures of around 25%. Heat waves can also damage railroads, which can lead to slower traffic, delays, and even cancellations of service.

Scientists argue that heat waves are largely natural phenomena caused by long-term warming trends. According to researchers, by the end of the century, heat waves like that of 2010 will virtually have become the norm, and they will occur every two years.

Task 2. You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Listen to the audio script of this task or ask somebody to read it for you.

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about transport. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• why people prefer different ways of travelling

• whether you would like to travel by ship, why/why not

• what your favourite means of transport is, why

You have to talk continuously.