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АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК ОГЭ-2018 10 ТРЕНИРОВОЧНЫХ ВАРИАНТОВ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫХ РАБОТ ДЛЯ ПОДГОТОВКИ К ОСНОВНОМУ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОМУ ЭКЗАМЕНУ

ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ

ВАРИАНТ 2

Раздел 1. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО АУДИРОВАНИЮ

1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, В, С и D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и жанрами фильмов, о которых говорится в диалоге: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее название жанра, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое название жанра из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее название жанра.

1. Action.

2. Melodrama.

3. Detective.

4. Adventure.

5. Fantasy.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Диалог

А

В

С

D

Жанр фильма

2. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D, Е. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.

1. The speaker advises not to lose common sense.

2. The speaker admits that sometimes it’s easier online.

3. The speaker warns not to forget the safety.

4. The speaker thinks that it’s rather boring.

5. The speaker is sure that reality is better.

6. The speaker knows that most are not too honest.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Говорящий

А

В

С

D

Е

Утверждение

Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 3—8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3. The party is going to be

1) on Friday.

2) on Saturday.

3) on Sunday.

Ответ:____________ .

4. The party is going to take place

1) at a restaurant.

2) at Steve’s house.

3) at his cousin’s house.

Ответ:____________ .

5. What clothing are the guests supposed to wear to the party?

1) Indian costume.

2) Fancy dress to their liking.

3) Official clothes.

Ответ:____________ .

6. What kind of music are they going to have at the party?

1) Played by a disk jockey.

2) Live.

3) Tape-recorded.

Ответ:____________ .

7. What kind of birthday cake is Steve going to have?

1) In the shape of a guitar.

2) Decorated with an ice-cream motorcycle.

3) In the shape of a motorcycle.

Ответ:____________ .

8. What time will Lisa arrive?

1) At 7.30.

2) At 8.00.

3) At 8.30.

Ответ:____________ .

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—8 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО ЧТЕНИЮ

9. Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Thanks to new technology

2. A custom for a sweet-tooth

3. The upside down world

4. Nice for people in love

5. Happy next year

6. Not allowed for some time

7. Watch out or give the money

8. Christmas is coming

A. Houses are decorated with coloured paper ribbons and chains. Holly with red berries is put on the walls and looks very colourful. A piece of mistletoe (a plant) is hung from the ceiling. It is said to be lucky to kiss under the mistletoe hanging from the ceiling. As you can understand, a lot of people who may not usually kiss each other take the chance given by a piece of mistletoe!

B. One of the delicacies the British have enjoyed for almost 900 years is the mince pie. This is a sort of small cake with a delicious mixture of spices and fruit. It was the Crusaders who introduced it when they brought back new aromatic spices from the Holy Land. In the 17th century Oliver Cromwell tried to ban the eating of mince pies (as well as singing of carols) — but people continued to eat (and sing) in secret.

C. Christmas Day is a family day when families try to be together. In past years, the Queen has broadcast a radio message from her study at Sandringham House. Since 1959 she has been recording her message every year some weeks before Christmas, so it could be broadcast on Christmas Day by radio in all parts of the British Commonwealth.

D. In the USA many towns have a public tree place in some square or park or outside the town hall. This custom began first in America when an illuminated tree was set up in 1909 in Pasadena, California. Now we can observe the ceremony of putting up the Christmas tree in Rockefeller Center in the heart of New York City, as well as in the main square of every town in the country. The nation’s main Christmas tree is set up in Washington, D.C. on the parade ground near the White House. A few days before Christmas the President of the United States presses a button to light the tree. This is the signal for lighting trees across the land.

E. The custom of breaking a wishbone (of a chicken or turkey) comes from the Romans who used them for fortune telling. They examined the bones of sacrificed birds, which they thought were messengers from their gods. Looking for signs of future events, they broke the wishbone and the person with the longest piece could make a wish which may bring him luck or good fortune.

F. Christmas in Australia is not like anywhere else since December is one of the hottest months of the year. But the Australians have a great time anyway. Those who live near the coast go to the beach on Christmas day. They have a swim, play cricket or volleyball, surf or just sit around with family and friends enjoying Christmas dinner. Santa Claus arrives on a surfboard — quite a change from sliding down a chimney!

G. Christmas caroling is particularly popular in Wales where it is called eisteddfodde and is often accompanied by a harp. In some rural areas a villager is chosen to be the Mari Lwyd. This person travels around the town dressed in white and carrying a horse’s skull on a long pole. Anyone given the ‘bite’ by the horse’s jaws must pay a fine.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Текст

A

В

С

D

E

F

G

Заголовок

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10—17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Audrey Hepburn

Audrey Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn-Ruston was born in Brussels on May 4, 1929 in the family of a wealthy English banker and a Dutch baroness. She spent her early childhood travelling between England, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Her parents divorced when she was six. Then came the war. Her mother moved with Audrey to her parents’ home in the neutral Netherlands. The following year the country was invaded by the Nazis. It was a difficult time for the whole family. There was very little food. Audrey and her family had to dig vegetables from the hard frozen ground, for some time they survived on flour made from tulip bulbs.

Audrey’s greatest love was music. She wanted to be a dancer, and she studied dancing since she was five. In 1948, Audrey and her mother moved to London. Audrey went to a ballet school. She worked hard at her dancing. She had no time for boyfriends. But one day the ballet school teacher told her, ‘I’m sorry, but you’ll never be a famous dancer. You’re too tall.’

Audrey was sad, but then something happened. She was given a small part in a big London musical. She quickly found jobs in other musicals. Everybody liked this thin girl with a pretty face and wide smile.

When Audrey was twenty, she had small parts in several movies and during the filming of a movie she met a famous novelist and screenwriter Colette. Colette wanted to find a girl for the Broadway musical of her book, Gigi. When she saw Audrey, she said. ‘She is Gigi! Half-woman, half-boy.’ This role won Hepburn a Theatre World Award in 1952.

The same year a Hollywood movie producer offered her the part of a princess in a big new movie, Roman Holiday. The film was a great success and Audrey won an Oscar for Best Actress.

Audrey starred in about 30 films, among them were War and Peace (1956), Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), My Fair Lady (1964), How to Steal a Million (1965). But she always made it clear that family was more important for her than work. She was married twice and had two sons. After her second son was born in 1970, she said: ‘I don’t want to make any more movies. I’m happy as a good wife and mother.’ However, her second marriage ended in divorce — just like the first one.

Since 1970 Audrey lived a quiet life in her house in Switzerland raising her two sons. She only made two or three more movies, and they were not very good. She made them because she needed money.

When she became older, she wanted to do something more important with her life. She started to work for the United Nations. She was officially appointed UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. She visited the poorest and most dangerous countries in the world. In 1992, she travelled to Africa for the last time. When she came back, she was seriously ill. The doctors thought it was some infection, but it was cancer. On January 20, 1993, Audrey Hepburn died. She was sixty-four.

Audrey was one of the few actresses who became the symbol of their time, whose look was imitated by thousands of girls. She became and stayed the symbol of elegance, glamour, charm, and grace. As one of film critics said ‘In this cruel and imperfect world Audrey was living proof that God could still create perfection.’

10. The first years of Audrey’s childhood were full of hardships.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

11. The Netherlands was never occupied by the Fascist troops.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

12. Audrey had a great talent for dancing.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

13. Audrey Hepburn won several Oscars.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

14. Audrey Hepburn put her acting career higher than anything else.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

15. In the second part of her life Audrey spent much time in charity activities.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

16. She started working for the UN because she needed money.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

17. Audrey Hepburn had a great personality and seemed perfect in everything.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:_________________ .

По окончании выполнения заданий 9—17 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в задании 9 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ И ЛЕКСИКЕ

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18—26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18—26.

18-26.

Celebrating Mother’s Day

One of the ___________ ways to celebrate Mother’s Day is to give your mom the day off. Let her take it easy and relax while all the other members of the family ___________ the work.

Many families begin Mother’s Day with breakfast in bed. Dad and the kids think that it ___________ the most pleasant and healthy way to let mom sleep late as they go to the kitchen and prepare her favourite meal. It can consist of anything your mom ___________.

After the food ___________, try to do your best to arrange everything nicely on the tray. Don’t forget the vase with the single flower. When everything ___________ ready, carefully carry the tray to the bedroom. Cards and small presents from the ___________ can be placed on the tray before it is presented to mom, who at that moment ___________ soundly and is not woken up either by the alarm clock or by the noise from the kitchen.

If you are eager to show what you ___________ already and can’t wait any longer, switch quietly mom’s favourite music on and enjoy the results of your surprise preparations.

GOOD

DO

BE

LIKE

COOK

BE

CHILD

SLEEP

DO

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27—32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27—32.

27-32.

Reading Books Nowadays

In an epoch of technical progress, reading books is losing its value. Little by little radio, television and internet are beginning to force books from our ___________ life. If in the past a lot of the greatest poets and writers, such as Pushkin, Yesenin, Bulgakov created their works, in our days such masters of words are absent. We begin to consider some detective and love stories of poor quality as ‘literary works’. It’s a big ___________ for all mankind.

A book is a ___________ friend for a man. Reading is the thing which helps us to develop our soul, teaches us to get to know our life. The heroes of books, by their examples, help us to avoid mistakes. A good book is a wise company, which can give us ___________ advice.

Reading develops our memory; our speech becomes richer, more literate and ___________.

Reading books in a foreign languages, we can get to know the culture and traditions of native ___________, improve our language and broaden our outlook.

DAY

ADVANTAGE

FAITH

USE

EXPRESS

SPEAK

По окончании выполнения заданий 18—32 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую букву пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 4. ЗАДАНИЕ ПО ПИСЬМУ

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

33. You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Susan.

... I have just returned from the cinema I watched a new film with Leonardo DiCaprio. I can’t understand why my sister is so crazy about him. She thinks he is smart and cool. Though, I admit some of his films are interesting.

And what actors do you admire? What films have you seen with them? Do your friends share your interests?

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.





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